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Anxiety Disorders. Anxiety is a normal reaction to stress and can be beneficial in some situations. It can alert us to dangers and help us prepare and pay attention. Anxiety disorders differ from normal feelings of nervousness or anxiousness, and involve excessive fear or anxiety.
Anxiety disorders are the most common of mental disorders and affect nearly 30 percent of adults at some point in their lives. But anxiety disorders are treatable and a number of effective treatments are available. Treatment helps most people lead normal productive lives.
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In any given year the estimated percent of U. Anxiety refers to anticipation of a future concern and is more associated with muscle tension and avoidance behavior. Fear is an emotional response to an immediate threat and is more associated with a fight or flight reaction — either staying to fight or leaving to escape danger. Anxiety disorders can cause people into try to avoid situations that trigger or worsen their symptoms. Job performance, school work and personal relationships can be affected.
There are several types of anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, specific phobias, agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder and separation anxiety disorder. Generalized anxiety disorder involves persistent and excessive worry that interferes with daily activities.
This ongoing worry and tension may be accompanied by physical symptoms, such as restlessness, feeling on edge or easily fatigued, difficulty concentrating, muscle tension or problems sleeping. Often the worries focus on everyday things such as job responsibilities, family health or minor matters such as chores, car repairs, or appointments. The core symptom of panic disorder is recurrent panic attacks, an overwhelming combination of physical and psychological distress.
During an attack several of these symptoms occur in combination:. Because symptoms are so severe, many people who experience a panic attack may believe they are having a heart attack or other life-threatening illness and may go to a hospital ER. Panic attacks may be expected, such as a response to a feared object, or unexpected, apparently occurring for no reason. The mean age for onset of panic disorder is Panic attacks may occur with other mental disorders such as depression or PTSD.
A specific phobia is excessive and persistent fear of a specific object, situation or activity that is generally not harmful. These fears cause such distress that some people go to extreme lengths to avoid what they fear. Examples are fear of flying or fear of spiders. Agoraphobia is the fear of being in situations where escape may be difficult or embarrassing, or help might not be available in the event of panic symptoms.
The fear is out of proportion to the actual situation and lasts generally six months or more and causes problems in functioning.
The Characteristics of High Functioning Anxiety
A person with agoraphobia experiences this fear in two or more of the following situations:. The individual actively avoids the situation, requires a companion or endures with intense fear or anxiety. Untreated agoraphobia can become so serious that a person may be unable to leave the house.
A person can only be diagnosed with agoraphobia if the fear is intensely upsetting, or if it significantly interferes with normal daily activities. Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :.
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Stress and Nervous Disorders by Jan de Vries. In Stress and Nervous Disorders Jan de Vries deals with one of the major problems of today's society. He discusses the issues and provides proven and practical advice based especially on a low-stress diet. Other areas covered in this highly successful and much praised book include depression, anorexia nervosa, phobias, allergies and alcoholism.
Get A Copy. Paperback , pages. Published November 6th by Mainstream Publishing first published April 28th More Details Original Title. Other Editions 4. Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Stress and Nervous Disorders , please sign up.
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